Apricot is a traditional, high value crop in Afghanistan. The origin of apricot (Prunus armeniaca) is uncertain, but most likely somewhere in the region of Afghanistan. Apricots have been cultivated for many decades in Afghanistan. Pockets of production are scattered throughout the country and consequently a wide range of local varieties are cultivated often within clearly defined regional areas.

Like most perennial crops income per hectare for apricots is higher than for staple crops. The gross income of a well maintained orchard can be US$3,000 – 4,000/ha which makes perennial horticulture crops, such as apricots, a viable alternative to poppy cultivation.

Apricots are widely spread over the six different agro-ecological zones of Afghanistan. On small farms it is often intercropped (particularly in the first six years) with food and fodder crops like clover that improve the ground cover management in an orchard. The main production areas are Zabul (20% of the national area), Uruzgan (15%), Ghazni (8%), Wardak (7%), Herat (6%), Helmand (6%), Bamyan (6%) and Balkh (6%).

Apricot is the fourth most important perennial crop after grapes (raisins), pistachio and almonds, and is a priority crop in the master plan of the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL). For 6% of the farmers, apricots are the most important cash crop. [Ref][Retrieved 6/17/2017]

As a part of ANHDO activities a total number of 3 groups have been established with total number of 31 dry apricot producers in Paghman district of Kabul province and Kahmard district of Bamyan province.

Afghanistan National Collection:

The Afghan National Collection has the purpose to maintain and evaluate the fruit varieties and rootstocks, consisting of registered Afghan and Imported varieties, and release mother plants for the private nursery industry. It has to be seen as a living body, where not suitable plants are removed and new representative accessions enter, following new findings, market trend and climate adaptation.

Perennial Horticulture Development Project (PHDP) had a germplasm registration survey accross Afghanistan in 2006 – 2008, based on the principle that the main and high market value genotypes, and that outstanding genotypes should be collected, resulted in the field registration and labelling of nearly950in-situ accessions.
Similarly, PHDP has registered and assigned clone numbers to fruit and nut varieties imported to Afghanistan in the last years. The registration of imported clones will eventually facilitate their inclusion in the National Collection and certification system. PHDP have registered a total of250different varieties, imported to Afghanistan.

Here is the list of apricot varieties available in National Collection of Mazar and Kabul PHDCs (Perennial Horticulture Development Center) in the year of 2015.

[showhide type=”pressrelease” more_text=”Show National Collection List for Apricots” less_text=”Hide National Collection List for Apricots” hidden=”yes”]

Clone Number Variety Species
180 Jauzay Apricot
206 Amiri Apricot
207 Qaisi Apricot
208 Valayati Apricot
212 Tom Cot Apricot
243 Kur Pa Apricot
244 Qaisi Apricot
245 Charkhi Apricot
246 Beid Mushk Apricot
247 Amiri Apricot
248 Charmaghzi Apricot
249 Saqi Apricot
250 Shakarpara Sorkh Apricot
251 Nooraghai Apricot
265 Goldcot Apricot
266 Patterson Apricot
267 Gold Kist Apricot
268 Ambercot Apricot
275 Shakarpara Safid Apricot
276 Amiri Apricot
278 Amiri Apricot
290 Maidani Apricot
292 Pir Naqshi Apricot
303 Talkhak Dana Apricot
305 Talkhak Apricot
309 Amiri Apricot
313 Enkeshafi – 313 Apricot
320 Baqi Khani Apricot
326 Amiri Apricot
328 Amiri Sorkh Apricot
329 Amiri Apricot
330 Charkhi Apricot
331 Shakarpara Safid Apricot
336 Tajiki Apricot
355 Nari Spin Apricot
356 Charmaghzi Apricot
362 Bada Ghor Apricot
363 Amiri Maida Apricot
365 Amiri Kalan Apricot
366 Sardayi Apricot
372 Shakarpara Sorkh Apricot
373 Shakarpara Safid Apricot
407 Qaisi Safid Apricot
417 Kandahari Apricot
451 Agha Khani Apricot
453 Amiri Apricot
454 Safidak Apricot
456 Hazara Apricot
462 Nooraghai Apricot
463 Turki 2 Apricot
464 Shakarpara Panjshir Apricot
465 Qaisi Apricot
466 Rangahi Apricot
467 Mahali Apricot
478 Shakarpara Apricot
481 Rangahi Apricot
482 Amiri Apricot
483 Qaisi Apricot
484 Rangahi Apricot
485 Amiri Apricot
529 Shakarpara Apricot
540 Nari Apricot
741 Qaisi Apricot
744 Shakarpara Apricot
745 Shakarpara Apricot
746 Farahi Apricot
747 Farahi Apricot
748 Du Maghza Apricot
749 Du Maghza Apricot
750 Rughani Apricot
751 Rughani Apricot
760 Qaisi Safid Apricot
819 Charkhi Safid Apricot
820 Amiri Apricot
821 Amiri Apricot
822 Amiri Apricot
823 Charmaghzi Apricot
824 Qaisi Apricot
825 Safidak Apricot
826 Shakarpara Apricot
827 Kandahari Apricot
828 Shakarpara Apricot
829 Shakarpara Apricot
830 Shakarpara Apricot
831 Charkhi Apricot
832 Jauras Apricot
833 Jauras Apricot
834 Jauras Apricot
835 Jauras Apricot
836 Jauras Apricot
1012 Amiri Apricot
1014 Ghat Spin Apricot
2045 Haidari Apricot
2046 Shekhmeri Apricot
2047 Tarnaw Apricot
4017 Rughani Apricot
4018 Jebraile Apricot
4019 Jebraile Apricot
4025 Baghal Sorkh Apricot
4035 Charmaghzi Apricot
4036 Turki 1 Apricot
4037 Aqa Banu Apricot
4038 Amiri Apricot
4039 Turki 2 Apricot
4040 Rughani Apricot
4041 Qaisi Apricot
5000 Qaisi Safid Apricot
5001 Qandak Apricot
5002 Saqi Apricot
5003 Saqi Apricot
5004 Saqi Apricot
5005 Saqi Apricot
6211 Trevatt Apricot
6212 Badami Apricot
6213 Badami Dir Ras Apricot
6214 Shakarpara Apricot
6215 Charmaghzi Apricot
6216 Amiri Apricot
6310 Charmaghzi Apricot
6313 Turki Apricot
6315 Turki 1 Apricot
7135 Aurora Apricot
7136 Goldrich Apricot
7137 Pinkcot Apricot
7264 Portici Apricot
7358 Castlebrite Apricot
7359 Blenhim Apricot
7360 Apache Apricot





  • Apricot Self Pollination Broacher | Pashto | Dari
  • Apricot Drying Manual| Dari
  • Apricot Shot Hole| Dari
  • Apricot National Register | English, Pashto, Dari
  • Recommendations on Foreign Apricot varieties [PHDP 2010] | English
  • Apricot self pollination trial results 2010-2012 [PHDP] | English
  • Apricot Common Diseases | English

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If you have any query or need information regarding apricot in Afghanistan, you can contact us as bellow and we will connect you to our expert.

Email: info@afghanistanhorticulture.org

Phone: +93 (0) 20 2232022