ANHDO Annual Report 2016 | Download
Afghanistan National Horticulture Development Organization (ANHDO) is an Afghan NonGovernmental Organization established in 2009 whose mission is to enable horticulture stakeholders to improve the Afghan horticulture industry by providing technical services, upgrading capacities and promoting private –public coordination.
This annual report includes the activities report of ANHDO's different projects during 2016.
ANHDO Annual Report 2015 | Download
Afghanistan National Horticulture Development Organization (ANHDO) is an Afghan NonGovernmental Organization established in 2009 whose mission is to enable horticulture stakeholders to improve the Afghan horticulture industry by providing technical services, upgrading capacities and promoting private –public coordination.
This annual report includes the activities report of ANHDO's different projects during 2015.
Horticulture Development Magazine Vol. 3 | Download
Horticulture Development Magazine is a quarterly publication which is being published by ANHDO. It contains different articles and researches for promoting horticulture sector in Afghanistan.
Horticulture Development Magazine Vol. 2 | Download
Horticulture Development Magazine is a quarterly publication which is being published by ANHDO. It contains different articles and researches for promoting horticulture sector in Afghanistan.
Horticulture Development Magazine Vol. 1 | Download
Horticulture Development Magazine is a quarterly publication which is being published by ANHDO. It contains different articles and researches for promoting horticulture sector in Afghanistan.
THE FRUIT TREE NURSERY GROWERS' ASSOCIATIONS | Pashto | Dari | English
The fruit tree nursery growers' associations manual, intends to provide up-to-date information useful for the establishment of nursery growers' association in Afghanistan.
THE MOTHER STOCK NURSERY | Pashto | Dari | English
This manual provide a guide for the correct use of mother trees for producing high quality fruit trees propagation materials. This manual intends to move towards the development of standard procedures for the production of certified planting materials.
THE FRUIT TREE PRODUCTION NURSERY| Pashto | Dari | English
This manual provides a guide for the establishment and management of registered fruit tree nurseries and advises on practical steps to improve the quality of the saplings produced in the nurseries. This manual intends to facilitate the development of standard operating procedures for the production of certified fruit trees.
Afghan Orchard ManagementPashto
This manual contains information about orchard management in Afghanistan, this includes the challenges and problems the owner faces and instructions to how tackle those problems and challenges.
Afghan Orchard Management – Dari
This manual contains information about orchard management in Afghanistan, this includes the challenges and problems the owner faces and instructions to how tackle those problems and challenges.
ANNGO Catalog 2011-2012 | Pashto | Dari | English
This is the first edition of the ANNGO catalog The main purpose of this document is to give to Afghan Growers a solid decision making tool to develop their orchards. True to type saplings available in Spring 2012, originated from the Afghanistan National Collection (species, varieties, accession number, rootstocks, characteristics).
Common Techniques in Plant Tissue Culture | English
This document explained: Sub Culture of Plants in Vitro, Transfer of Plantlets in Rooting Media, Plant Micropropagation and Micrografting for Virus Cleaning.
CITRUS
There is historical evidence supporting the notion that perennial horticulture played an important role in the economy and culture of Afghanistan for many centuries. As early as the 1958 the Nangarhar/Jalalabad Oasis was identified as the potential “hub” of the citrus industry in Afghanistan. More than four decades of war, political, social and economic instability added to several years of drought resulted in the destruction of large orchards and with them the livelihoods of thousands of rural households and the decimation of the citrus industry. Read More...
APRICOTS
Apricot is a traditional, high value crop in Afghanistan. The origin of apricot (Prunus armeniaca) is uncertain, but most likely somewhere in the region of Afghanistan. Apricots have been cultivated for many decades in Afghanistan. Pockets of production are scattered throughout the country and consequently a wide range of local varieties are cultivated often within clearly defined regional areas. Read More...
PEACH AND NECTARINE
The Peaches and Nectarines are stone fruits that belongs to the genus Prunus, Peaches and Nectarines are scarcely grown in most parts of Afghanistan, although they are relatively easy crops to grow. Superior varieties with good trans-portability are now available to the Afghan orchard. However, proper grading, handling and packing is needed. The early season can start with newly introduced low chill varieties from the eastern provinces, right through to very late varieties from Kabul and surrounding areas. It is important to plant good market varieties and maintain control of the trees by rigorous pruning with an open vase system. Read More...
SWEET CHERRY
The sweet cherry is a stone fruit that belongs to the genus Prunus, sweet cherry orchards are planted with nursery trees produced by “budding” a selected scion onto the desired rootstock. There are 22 sweet cherry varieties in cherry national collection located in Badam Bagh , among those 6 varieties are currently recommended by ANNGO which are Burlat, Santina, Stella, Black star, Grace star, and Bing. Read More...
GRAPES & RAISIN
Grapes grow as a vine and are used for raisin or fresh markets. They do not require wind or insects for pollination, but grapes do require a dormancy period. Grapes produce buds on the previous season’s growth. Bud burst is usually in early spring with flowering 7-9 weeks later. Fruit is normally ready to harvest in autumn 5-7 months after bud burst. Management varies, but in general depends on the grape variety and desired outcome and growing conditions (e.g., humidity and sunlight). Read More...
ALMONDS
Almond is a fruit crop classified under two types, Amygdalus communis (sweet almonds) and Amygdalus amara (bitter almonds). Under this broad classification, in Afghanistan the almond varieties grown are under two major classes: soft-shell almonds, known locally as badam-e kaghaz (literally, “paper almond”), which can be easily broken by hand; and hard/medium-shell almonds with the local name of badam-e-sangi (literally, “stone almond”). These have many sub-types and multiple varieties, such as Sattarbai, which is of the soft-shell class. Read More...
The Asian citrus psyllid | د اسيايي ستروسو سلاء | Dari | Pashto
The Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri, is a sap-sucking, hemipteran bug in the family Psyllidae. It is an important pest of citrus, as it is one of only two confirmed vectors of the serious citrus greening disease.
Longhorn beetle | قانغوزک شاخک دراز | Dari | Pashto
The longhorn beetles are a cosmopolitan family of beetles, typically characterized by extremely long antennae, which are often as long as or longer than the beetle's body.
Damping Off, Symptom & Treatment | Pashto | Dari
This brochure contains information about Damping-Off disease, its symptoms and treatment.
Nematode, Symptom & Controlling | Pashto | Dari
This brochure contains information about Nematode, its symptoms and how to control it.
White Grub, Controlling and Detection Methods | Pashto | Dari
This brochure contains information about White-Grub, its detection and controlling methods.
Safe Usage of Pesticide | Pashto & Dari
This poster shows the practical ways that how safely use pesticide, it contains images and graphics that indicates the steps to be considered.

PHDP II - Perennial Horticulture Development Project Phase II

About ANHDO

IT & Agriculture Training Series


PBTL Documentary - English

PBTL Documentary - Pashto

PBTL Documentary - Dari

Introduction:
Afghanistan’s first Plant Biotechnology Laboratory was established in 2009 with the technical support and cooperation of the Aga Khan Foundation Afghanistan (AKF-A) and funds donated by the European Commission.
The laboratory is located in Badam Bagh- Kabul, the research area of the government line department the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation & Livestock.
Now this lab is working under the supervision of Seed and Planting Material Certification Directorate of MAIL.

 

Objectives:
The overall objective of the project is to support and improve the horticulture sector of the country by improving the quality of planting material for propagation. The lab works closely with the Perennial Horticulture Development Project, ANNGO, ANHDO, PHDP and its partners, and verifies the health status of national and exotic germplasm of fruits trees to insure the distribution of only healthy and high quality planting material to nursery growers and farmers. Each year, plant samples are collected for lab analyses from various agro-ecological zones of Afghanistan. The lab also actively participates in high level policy dialogue in order to develop control strategies for various pests and diseases, and to improve the nursery industry. The lab is well equipped with latest technologies and updated protocols are used to detect and identify fruit crops diseases.

 

Diagnostic facilities: 
The plant pathogens (Virus, viroid, phytoplasma, bacteria and fungus) are detected and identified by classical methods and latest techniques (ELISA and PCR) and biological indexing. The lab also contains facility for plant nematode isolation from soil.

Inoculation and culturing of microbes on media
Inoculation and culturing of microbes on media

 

Tissue culture:
Clonal rootstocks (GF 677, Farlod40, FOX 16e, Pyrold warf and Gisela 5) are produced by micropropagation in the tissue culture unit of the lab. The same facility is used for Micrografting (Virus cleaning). An acclimatization facility for the clonal rootstock has been constructed near to lab.

 

Trainings & Capacity Building:
From time to time the lab provides opportunities of capacity building/Training/internship for the technical staff of NGOs (Involved in horticulture development), MAIL and university students.

Internship students in Badam Bagh farm
Internship students in Badam Bagh farm


Policy dialogues:

Every year plant samples from various fruit trees are collected from all agro ecological zones (PHDP centers) of Afghanistan for the lab analyses. The lab is actively participating in the policy dialogue and the control strategies for the detected and identified pathogens.

Citrus promotion group meeting g in Jalalabad PHDC
Citrus promotion group meeting g in Jalalabad PHDC
 
Achievements:

Since 2009, the laboratory has been detected and identified for the first time in Afghanistan some important viruses (ACLSV, PNRSV, CTV, GFLV etc) of fruit trees (almond, plum, peach, apricot, citrus and grapevine) along important fungal and bacterial pathogens. Thousands of clonal rootstocks have been produced for stone and pome fruits.

Experience sharing:
All the results and experience of Plant Biotechnology Laboratory is being shared with stakeholders on national and international level in seminars/workshops and conferences. The results are being published from time to time in international journals.

Participation in 22nd (2012) ICVF in Rome-Italy
Participation in 22nd (2012) ICVF in Rome-Italy

 

Units of PBTL:

Virology Unit: Detection and Identification of plant virus diseases by (ELISA, RT-PCR, Biological Indexing).

Microbiology Unit: Detection and identification of plant bacterial and fungal diseases by Culturing and Microscopy.

Tissue Culture Unit:  Including (Production of clonal rootstock by micro propagation and Virus cleaning by microgragting).

Nematode Screening;